Cable: This isn’t the television set your father used to have.
It’s possible that cable is supplying your Internet connection.
It is possible that it is providing the many channels of digital cable.
Either way, it’s a good thing.
With everything from the next paycheck to the next basketball game reliant on cable, it’s only natural to want to expand the availability of cable to additional locations in the home.
Depending on your luck and the quality of your home’s structure, the procedure may be straightforward or difficult.
Accessories for coaxial cable—so-called because all of the components are organized around a single axis—are readily available at home improvement stores and other retail outlets.
Rather than the older R59 line, go for the R6 cable, which provides a stronger signal.
The cable-routing instructions, incidentally, may be used for a variety of other purposes, such as wiring doorbells, thermostats, and home Ethernet networks.
Prepare your house for the installation of telecom wire.
We’ll teach you how to install CAT-5e and RG6 coaxial cables in order to upgrade your telephone, television, Internet, and other communications systems, among other things.
You may easily install it yourself and the cost is little if you do it on a budget.
Tools and Equipment Necessary
- 3/4-in. spade bit is available.
- Screwdriver with four different functions
- Drill/driver with a cordless motor
- A drywall saw is a tool used to cut drywall.
- a roll of electrical tape
- Tape with a fishtail
- Stump Locator
- A tape measure is a tool that is used to measure anything.
- Set of wrenches
Requirements for Materials
- staples for cable
- Remodeling boxes that operate on low voltage
- PVC cement is a kind of polyvinyl chloride.
- PVC conduit is used for a variety of applications.
- Male adapters for PVC conduit in 1-1/2 and 2-inch sizes.
An Overview of Communication Wiring
The Two Crucial Cables
Phone cables such as CAT-5e and coaxial cables such as RG6 will meet all of your communication requirements in the future.
You may not believe you will ever need an upgraded communication system, but as our society becomes more digital, you will.
The time has come to act.
Within a few years, digital televisions will be the only show in the town, and high-speed Internet connections will become more essential and more accessible than ever before.
Electronic components will be required to “converse” more and more in the future.
And your outdated phone and cable lines simply will not be able to handle the load.
It’s easy to get overwhelmed by all of the technical language used in the electrical industry.
For the time being, however, all you need to know is that your telephone, television, Internet, and other communication requirements can all be met by running just two kinds of cable, which are all centralized in a central distribution system that you can install yourself.
It’s as simple as plugging in a new phone line, except that you’ll need four cables (two phones and two coaxial) to connect to each jack in order to complete the operation properly and safely.
Installing the appropriate jacks and connecting the central distribution box are all things we’ll demonstrate.
The installation of a new system does not imply that you must discard your existing cables and connectors.
Existing phone lines and jacks may live with your new system without causing interference.
We suggest that you first install new cables and jacks in just the rooms where they are required and that you update the system with new jacks and lines as your electronic requirements evolve over time.
Because the installation method described in this article is modular, it will be simple to reconfigure, improve, or extend it in the future.
Once you have mastered the art of “jumping” cable or phone lines in the distribution box, you’ll be able to connect any suitable devices with relative ease (much like old-time telephone operators used to do in the first half of the 20th century).
When renovating, expanding on, or constructing a new house, installing the system is the most straightforward option.
Because the walls are open, it is easy to route the wires to each individual room. However, in the majority of instances, you can adapt your current house (albeit it will require a little more time and work pulling cable and sometimes cutting and repairing walls). We’ll go through several methods that will be beneficial to you.
Featured Capabilities of a Modern Communication System
An outlet for a communication wire
It will be possible to broadcast to every television in the home using a single DVD player, VCR, cable or satellite TV receiver, and other components.
Computers may be networked in order to exchange data or computer peripherals such as printers and scanners across many computers.
Closed-circuit video cameras may be connected to TVs located everywhere in the home, and security system connections are straightforward.
You’ll have enough telephone line capacity to keep the Pentagon running smoothly at all times.
Your house will be wired for high-speed Internet access, which will be delivered by cable or telephone.
In preparation for the inevitable transition from analog to digital television, the required lines will be installed.
The same wires may be used to connect several audio systems around the home.
Integrated home controls may be used in conjunction with “smart appliances” in certain cases, depending on the system.
Planning Process in Installing Coaxial Cable
Make a plan for the placement of the distribution panel and the cable routes.
To design an upgradeable system, the main distribution panel should be located in a position where it will be simplest to run extra wires and jacks throughout the home.
This is shown in Figure A, which shows the laundry room as the most natural location for the distribution box in the example house.
Using this method, cables may be simply fished to the basement and the attic, and then onto chosen outlet sites throughout the home.
However, the ideal placement for the distribution panel in your house may be different—for example, a furnace room, garage, or even a closet—depending on your needs.
Create an access point into the stud space above and below the panel as well as an access point into the stud area below the panel.
Position the panel in an open stud area so that you can fish fresh lines into the panel with the least amount of effort.
We demonstrate how to accomplish this using a panel that can be removed from the wall.
Following that, sketch up your cable routing routes.
Attics, basements, crawlspaces, garages, and even closets are the most convenient and unobstructed passageways.
In most cases, you can simply drill holes in the top or bottom plates and insert the wires without having to open up the completed wall surfaces.
Middle floors, however, that are sandwiched between completed floors, may be more difficult to install.
The use of surface-mount cables to connect such rooms to the rest of the house is a smart approach, but cutting and repairing holes in completed walls or even ceilings to run the wires is occasionally unavoidable in certain situations.
We’ll show you the most practical jack configuration: two cable jacks and two phone jacks, all contained inside the same front-panel cover.
For example, a single cover plate may accommodate four separate lines.
A cable jack, on the other hand, will handle video- or cable-based Internet connections.
The “interhouse” networking will be handled by the two additional phone and coaxial lines. Even though you won’t need all of these connections right immediately, it’s a good idea to run the cables nonetheless.
However, you do not need to connect them all together.
Attach the jacks and snap them into the cover plate, then coil the excess lines neatly within the distribution box to complete the installation.
Each outlet has four lines, and each of those lines returns to the distribution box.
Wires are required in large quantities, yet wiring and jacks are very inexpensive.
Simply run single lines and use a separate cover plate if you know you’ll only need a single cable or phone jack in your installation.
An Example of a Workflow Plan
Figure A: An Example of a Workflow Plan
The following are the Instructions for Installing your Own Cable Outlet:
When you’ve chosen where you want to put the new cable outlet, measure up 15 inches and mark an area that is 1-1/2 inches by 3-3/4 inches.
The keyhole saw should be used to cut through the drywall to make the aperture necessary for the installation of a low voltage electrical box.
First and foremost, ensure that the area you want to drill into is free of any potential dangers before proceeding to the following step (i.e. electrical cable, duct work, gas lines, etc.)
Place the tip of the auger bit into the cutout in the wall and drill through the bottom of the stud wall to obtain access to the crawlspace below while the wall is still open.
Allowing the auger bit to remain in place, descend into the crawl space.
This will make it much easier to identify the location where the cable will be installed.
Once the cable line is in place, connect one end of the cable line to the tip of the drill bit using a utility string before returning to the house.
Slowly draw the drill bit and the cable line that has been connected to the drill bit back up through the hole.
Slide the low voltage box into the drywall hole and tighten it down to prevent it from moving around throughout the installation process.
It is necessary to add an F-connector to the end of the wire before you can complete this portion of the installation.
Here’s a short reference tutorial on how to attach F-connectors to coax wire using a compression tool and a compression tool.
Install the F-connector on the back of the coax cable receptacle wall plate and screw the wall plate into the low voltage electrical box to complete the installation.
For the time being, the interior work has been completed.
To access your cable box, you’ll need to go outside and find it on the ground.
If your house was built differently than others, and if your cable lines were installed in a different location than others, the following step may be different for you.
Drill a hole in the concrete block with a 12 inch masonry bit.
You may use a straightened clothes hanger or a fishing rod to go through the block after you’ve gotten through the hole.
Now it’s time to return to the crawlspace.
Now that one end of the cable line has been placed, you may use cable clips to attach the remaining length of wire to the floor joists as you work your way closer and closer to the hole you just created, which is closest to the cable box.
A short piece of string should be tied to the end of the fish pole after you have arrived to the drilled hole.
A short piece of string should be tied to the end of the fish pole after you have arrived at the drilled hole.
It is necessary to attach an F-connector to this end of the cable before you can proceed to the next step of the installation.
To do so, follow the same steps as you did for the rest of the installation.
At the time of installation of a new cable line, I label it with a paint marker so that if an emergency occurs and I need to disconnect my connections, I can be confident that the right cables are reconnected.
The last step is to connect your freshly installed cable line to an open connection on the cable splitter provided by the cable provider.
BONUS: 5 TIPS FOR INSTALLING COAXIAL CABLE
1. Make Use of the Appropriate Coaxial Cable
It is critical to use the appropriate cable while installing the system.
However, there are additional factors to consider while using RG-6 (‘RG’ is an ancient military name for Radio Guide/Grade).
Use this chart to assist you in determining which cable is most appropriate for the task.
2. Coaxial cable is being rolled out.
In the event that you lay a spool of cable on its side and begin pulling the cable off of it, the cable will twist as it unravels, and when you pull on the twisted cable, the cable kinks.
A piece of conduit should be threaded through the middle of the spool and resting on a ladder is the ideal method. A spare piece of wire is used to hold the conduit in place.
3. When working with coaxial cable, avoid making sharp bends
A cable will be damaged if it is bent at an angle.
If you imagine wrapping a cable around a coffee can, you will understand why coaxial wire should never be twisted more sharply than that.
When a severe bend is inevitable, such as behind a television stand, a 90-degree adaptor should be used.
If you’re dealing with a high-definition transmission, ensure sure the connection is rated for the signal type you’re using.
4. Coaxial cable stingers should be avoided.
The foil should be left in place once the coaxial cable has been removed; however, peel out the braid.
Make assured that not a single one of the braid’s small wires comes into contact with the central conductor.
That’s what the professionals refer to as a “stinger,” and stingers are infamous for causing signal quality to degrade dramatically.
5. Utilize a Coaxial Cable Stripping Tool to complete the task.
A utility knife may be used to strip a coaxial wire, and it is not difficult, but it is not simple either.
Every time you use a $15 stripping tool, you will get quick and flawless results. Strippers for coaxial cables feature two blades: one blade cuts through the jacket without harming the braid, while the second blade cuts through everything else, except for the central conductor, of the cable.
The central conductor is sometimes left a little long and then trimmed (approximately 1/8 in. beyond the connection) after it has been crimped on by some professionals to their liking.
Our Final Thoughts
During the initial installation process, cable television companies and satellite providers will often run multiple lines of coaxial cable throughout your home.
Because of the location of your TVs and other components, you may discover many feet of coaxial cable exposed, as well as coaxial wall plates that break apart from the wall when the smallest pull is applied to them.
Install a new coaxial cable wall plate at the same time as you tidy up your tangled cables to give your house a more streamlined, clutter-free appearance. (See Related Resources.) And I hope you are able to properly complete the tasks outlined above!
Frequently Ask Questions
Is it simple to install a coaxial cable?
Coax cables are lightweight, simple to install, and very robust.
What is the difference between the two types of coaxial cables?
Coaxial cables are classified into two types: those having an impedance of 75 Ohm (or ohm) and those with an impedance of 50 Ohm.
75 Ohm cables are often utilized for television broadcasts, while 50 Ohm connections are more commonly used for data and wireless communications.
Which is more reliable, coaxial cable or fiber optics?
When comparing fiber-optic cable vs coaxial cable, there is a wealth of information available online.
When doing your study, look for reputable sites such as BroadbandNow.com, for example.
Fiber is unquestionably the superior option. Additionally, it offers many additional advantages such as a dedicated connection with constant speed and greater capacity.